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Science of SEM

This section focuses on the research completed to develop the SEM assessment technology foundational science and mode of operation. Including how SEM assessment technology identifies increased risk of pressure injury and how to treat a high SEM (∆) delta as a stage/category 1 pressure injury to prevent them from further deterioration.

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Pressure ulcer risk assessment in the ICU. Is it time for a more objective measure?

McEvoy N. et al. 2024. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

Aim: This study set out to determine the correlation between Sub-Epidermal Moisture measurements and Braden scores among Intensive Care Unit Patients.

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The correlation between sub-epidermal moisture measurement and other early indicators of pressure injury development—A prospective cohort observational study. Part 1. The correlation between sub-epidermal moisture measurement and ultrasound

Wilson, H. et al. 2024. International Wound Journal.

Aim: This article focuses on the correlation between SEM and ultrasound. The correlation between sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) and other early indica-tors of pressure injury development is yet to be determined. The first part of a three-part series aims to bridge this knowledge gap, through investigating SEM and its correlation with evidence-based technologies and assessments.

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Sub-Epidermal Moisture Measurement and Targeted SSKIN Bundle Interventions, a Winning Combination for the Treatment of Early Pressure Ulcer Development.

Byrne, S. et al. 2022. International Wound Journal

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the impact of sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) measurement and targeted pressure injury prevention, versus visual skin assessment and usual care, on mean SEM delta scores and early pressure injury development in acute hospital patients.

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Sub-Epidermal Moisture Versus Traditional and Visual Skin Assessments to Assess Pressure Ulcer Risk in Surgery Patients.

Martins de Oliveira, A. L. et al. 2022. Journal of Wound Care

Aim: To compare the predictive ability of sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) measurement versus traditional risk assessment and visual skin assessment (VSA) as means of detecting early pressure injury damage development among adults undergoing surgery.

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Evaluating the Sensitivity, Specificity and Clinical Utility of Algorithms of Spatial Variation in Sub-Epidermal Moisture (SEM) for the Diagnosis of Deep and Early-Stage Pressure-Induced Tissue Damage.

Gershon, S., Okonkwo, H. 2021. Journal of Wound Care

Aim: To evaluate the ability of an objective test, the SEM, to discriminate between subjects with confirmed pressure injury with intact skin versus those with no pressure damage.

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Click here to access our extensive SEM assessment technology bibliography

If you would like to discuss any of the clinical, health economic or real-world evidence on the website or would like further information on them the team would be happy to assist. Please contact us at: [email protected]

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