This section focuses on the research completed to develop the SEM assessment technology foundational science and mode of operation. Including how SEM assessment technology identifies increased risk of PI/U and how to treat a high SEM (∆) delta as a stage/category 1 PI/U to prevent them from further deterioration.
Cohen, L. et al. 2019. International Wound Journal
Aim: In the present work, the SEM Scanner was tested under controlled laboratory conditions to experimentally determine its sensitivity and precision in identifying small (1ml) water content changes in phantoms of the human heel and skull/face, which simulated common PI/U development scenarios.
Peko, L. et al. 2020. International Wound Journal
Aim: We were interested in experimentally evaluating the sensitivity and laboratory performances of a second generation design of a new sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) measurement device that is able to identify localised fluid content changes in skin and subdermally, which may precede a PI/U.
Okonkwo, H. et al. 2020. Wound Repair and Regeneration
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of subepidermal moisture (SEM), a biomarker employed for early detection of PI/U, compared to the “Gold Standard” of clinical skin and tissue assessment (STA), and to characterize the timing of SEM changes relative to the diagnosis of a PI/U.
Gershon, S. 2020. Advances in Skin and Wound Care
Aim: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether levels of SEM from repeated measures at a localized area confirm the absence of a PI/U at that site in healthy participants.
Budri, A. 2020. British Journal of Healthcare Management
Aim: This article reviews the use of a sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) scanning device as an early and robust method of identifying the increased risk of pressure damage before it is visible on the surface of the skin. This could allow the implementation of early interventions and potentially decrease the frequency of hospital-acquired PI/U.
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